Uses of Living Animals

(A) Working Animals

(1) Service Animals (Helping People with Disabilities)

  • Guide dogs (See: Video)
  • Hearing Dogs
  • Assistance dogs & monkeys
    • Eg: African monkeys and dogs trained to open letter boxes and other minor household jobs for partially sighted people.

(2) Draft Animals (provide tractive force,)

  • Draft horses
  • Logging elephants
  • Camels
  • Donkeys
  • Horses
  • Dogs (eg Huskies for pulling sledges)

(3) Harness Animals (Carry loads on their backs)

  • Horses (wheeled carts, carriages and buggies)
  • Mules
  • Camels
  • Llamas
  • Water buffalo and Carabao, (pull wagons and ploughs in Southeast Asia and the Philippines.)
  • Oxen
  • Ponies and donkeys (used to pull carts and small wagons, commonly used in mining to pull ore carts.)
  • Dogs  (used for pulling light carts or, particularly, sleds. (e.g. sled dogs such as Huskies) for both recreation and working purposes.)
  • Goats
  • Reindeer (in the Arctic and sub-Arctic Nordic countries and Siberia)
  • Elephants (used for logging in South-east Asia.)
  • Wild Animals: (can been tamed and trained to harness)
    • Zebras
    • Moose.

(4) Riding animals or mounts

  • Equine animals
    • horses,
    • ponies
    • donkeys
    • mules
  • Elephants
  • Yaks
  • Camels (Both Dromedary and Bactrian)
  • Reindeer (though usually driven, may be ridden).
  • Wild animals: (Usually as a novelty)
    • Zebra
    • Ostrich

(3) Miscellaneous

  • Military Animals
    • Dolphins (carry markers to attach to mines)
    • Dogs (eg: Dogs trained to find landmines)
    • Rats – for mine detection (See: Video)
    • War elephants
  • Guard dogs
  • Herding Animals
    • Sheep Dogs
    • Mountain dogs
  • Sniffing Working Animals
    • Rats – for mine detection (See: Video)
    • Dogs used to search for drugs, explosives and game (eg pheasants while hunting)
    • Dogs used to search for missing or trapped people (such as in avalanches or collapsed buildings.
    • Dogs searching for dead bodies
    • Pigs – eg: Truffle hog
    • Rodents trained to identify TB infected sputum samples. (See: Video)
  • Aquatic birds (eg: Cormorants in China, used to catch fish)
  • Entertainment Animals:
    • Trained Wild animals (Lions, Tigers)
    • Donkey rides
    • Bears
  • Cats - work catching mice
  • Detection Rats (Trained to identify diseases, especially pulmonary tuberculosis)
  • Homing pigeons (eg Transport messages by air)
  • Sniffer bees or sniffer wasps (trained to detect substances such as explosive materials or illegal drugs, and some human and plant diseases) (Order: Hymenoptera)

(4) Hunting Animals

(Trained to use their natural predatory instincts to catch prey)

  • Dog (Retriever)
  • Hounds (used to kill and fetch prey)
  • Pointers and Setters.
  • Mousers (domestic cats used for hunting small rodents and birds)
  • Caracals
  • Cheetahs (used by humans for chasing down prey)
  • Ferrets (prey on creatures living in burrows, such as rabbits)
  • Falcons (To act as hunters in the air)

(4) Multiple Uses:

Some, at the end of their working lives, may also be used for meat or other products such as leather.


(B) Animals for Experimentation

  • Rabbits
  • Rodents
    • Rats
    • Mice
  • Dogs
  • Monkeys
  • Guinea Pigs
  • Hamsters

Forensic Use