Working Animal:

A working animal is an animal that is used by humans to perform tasks.  They are usually domesticated and include:

  • Guide Dogs

Millions of animals work in relationship with their owners throughout the world,

Service Animal:

These animals are trained to perform tasks that assist people with disabilities. Sometimes referred to as: Assistance animals, assist animals, support animals, or helper animals. Eg 

  • Guide animals for guiding the blind, - such as: Guide Dogs and Miniature Horses
  • Hearing Dogs

Pack Animal

A pack animal or beast of burden is an individual or type of working animal used by humans as means of transporting materials by attaching them so their weight bears on the animal's back.

Draft Animal (draught animals / Beasts of Burden):

These are animals trained to provide tractive force (pulling), such as draft horses or logging elephants. In contrast to Pack Animals, they do not carry loads on their backs.


Domesticated animals raised in an agricultural setting to produce commodities such as food, fibre and labour. The term is often used to refer solely to those raised for food, and sometimes only farmed ruminants, such as cattle and goats.

Service Animal

A service animal is a dog that is individually trained to do work or perform tasks for a person with a disability. Generally, title II and title III entities must permit service animals to accompany people with disabilities in all areas where members of the public are allowed to go.


1.To convert (animals, plants, etc.) to domestic uses; tame. 2. To tame (an animal), especially by generations of breeding, to live in close association with human beings as a pet or work animal and usually creating a dependency so that the animal loses its ability to live in the wild.

Domestication requires a sustained multi-generational relationship in which one group of organisms assumes a significant degree of influence over the reproduction and care of another group to secure a more predictable supply of resources from that second group.


Moral principles that govern a person's behaviour or the conducting of an activity.


Sentience is the capacity to feel, perceive, or experience subjectively. Eighteenth-century philosophers used the concept to distinguish the ability to think (reason) from the ability to feel (sentience). In the philosophies of animal welfare and rights, sentience implies the ability to experience pleasure and pain.