Appendix (1) - Diversity of Animal Uses

(A) Working Animals

(1) Service Animals (Helping People with Disabilities)

  • Guide dogs
  • Hearing Dogs
  • Assistance dogs & monkeys
    • Eg: African monkeys and dogs trained to open letter boxes and other minor household jobs for partially sighted people.

(2) Draft Animals (provide tractive force,)

  • Draft horses
  • Logging elephants
  • Camels
  • Donkeys
  • Horses
  • Dogs (eg Huskies for pulling sledges)

(3) Harness Animals (Carry loads on their backs)

  • Horses (wheeled carts, carriages and buggies)
  • Mules
  • Camels
  • Llamas
  • Water buffalo and Carabao, (pull wagons and ploughs in Southeast Asia and the Philippines.)
  • Oxen
  • Ponies and donkeys (used to pull carts and small wagons, commonly used in mining to pull ore carts.)
  • Dogs  (used for pulling light carts or, particularly, sleds. (e.g. sled dogs such as Huskies) for both recreation and working purposes.)
  • Goats
  • Reindeer (in the Arctic and sub-Arctic Nordic countries and Siberia)
  • Elephants (used for logging in South-east Asia.)
  • Wild Animals: (can been tamed and trained to harness)
    • Zebras
    • Moose.

(4) Riding animals or mounts

  • Equine animals
    • horses,
    • ponies
    • donkeys
    • mules
  • Elephants
  • Yaks
  • Camels (Both Dromedary and Bactrian)
  • Reindeer (though usually driven, may be ridden).
  • Wild animals: (Usually as a novelty)
    • Zebra
    • Ostrich

(3) Miscellaneous

  • Military Animals
    • Dolphins (carry markers to attach to mines)
    • Dogs (eg: Dogs trained to find landmines)
    • Rats – for mine detection
    • War elephants
  • Guard dogs
  • Herding Animals
    • Sheep Dogs
    • Mountain dogs
  • Sniffing Working Animals
    • Rats – for mine detection
    • Dogs used to search for drugs, explosives and game (eg pheasants while hunting)
    • Dogs used to search for missing or trapped people (such as in avalanches or collapsed buildings.
    • Dogs searching for dead bodies
    • Pigs – eg: Truffle hog
  • Aquatic birds (eg: Cormorants in China, used to catch fish)
  • Entertainment Animals:
    • Trained Wild animals (Lions, Tigers)
    • Donkey rides
    • Bears
  • Cats - work catching mice
  • Detection Rats (Trained to identify diseases, especially pulmonary tuberculosis)
  • Homing pigeons (eg Transport messages by air)
  • Sniffer bees or sniffer wasps (trained to detect substances such as explosive materials or illegal drugs, and some human and plant diseases) (Order: Hymenoptera)


(4) Hunting Animals

(Trained to use their natural predatory instincts to catch prey)

  • Dog (Retriever)
  • Hounds (used to kill and fetch prey)
  • Pointers and Setters.
  • Mousers (domestic cats used for hunting small rodents and birds)
  • Caracals
  • Cheetahs (used by humans for chasing down prey)
  • Ferrets (prey on creatures living in burrows, such as rabbits)
  • Falcons (To act as hunters in the air)


(4) Multiple Uses:

Some, at the end of their working lives, may also be used for meat or other products such as leather.

(B) Animals for Food Consumption


(C) Animals for Experimentation (Figures for the UK)

  • Rodents 84%
  • Fish, amphibians, reptiles 12%
  • Large mammals 2.1%
  • Small mammals 1.4%
  • Dogs and cats 0.3%
  • Primates 0.1%
  • Great apes such as chimpanzees cannot be used in experiments

Statistics on Animals used for Experimentation

  • 2.73 million experiments in the 12 months of 2002
  • Total number of procedures rose by 4.2% on 2001
  • About 80% are for research and drug development
  • Safety testing accounts for most of the rest